Hockey: Glossary (Page 5 of 5)
1- History &
2- The Essentials (Offense
& Defense, Scoring, Etc.)
3- Rink Diagram and Positions
5- Glossary of Hockey Terms
A pass that leads to a goal. Worth one “point”
for statistical purposes.
Using the back side of the stick to shoot.
Transition to offense when player beats the defense
down the ice.
Legally hitting an opponent with the body (body
check, hip check, etc.) or stick (stick check,
poke check, sweep check, etc.) to dislodge the
Defensive strategy of hitting the puck out of
the defensive zone.
The referee starts play by dropping the puck between
the puck to a teammate to create a scoring opportunity.
Fighting in the NHL results in a major penalty
with additional time for instigating. In general,
the younger the level of play (youth, high school,
college), the less fighting is tolerated and players
are usually ejected and suspended.
A pass along the surface of the ice.
A pass or shot made by flipping the puck in the
air off the ice.
Offensive strategy of checking an opponent in
their defensive zone to try to force a turnover.
Flagrantly dangerous play results in ejection
and possible suspension.
One player scores three goals in a single game.
If the home team scores a hat trick, fans will
often throw hats onto the rink.
for delaying the game by shooting the puck from
one half of the rink across an opponent’s
Five-minute time penalty for more severe fouls.
Two-minute time penalty for less severe fouls.
Penalty ends if opponent scores.
Penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct. Results in
a ten minute suspension with immediate substitution.
Offensive advantage gained (two-on-one, three-on-two,
etc.) on the transition to offense. Often leads
to a goal.
Infraction for entering the attacking zone before
A shot taken immediately after a pass, without
first controlling the puck.
Defensive strategy of stalling until an opponent’s
power play ends.
Severe foul that prevent a likely goal on a breakaway.
Fouled player then goes one-on-one with the goalie.
Advantage while the other team serves a time penalty.
Goals are often scored when a shot bounces off
the goalie or boards.
Save: A blocked
shot by a goalie.
Blocking the goalie’s view by standing in
front of him.
Powerful shot taken with a swinging motion of
Controlled shot using a flicking motion of the
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