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Water polo pool diagram and positions

1- History & Object
2- The Essentials (Offense & Defense, Scoring, Etc.)
3- Fouls
4- Field Diagram and Positions
5- Glossary of Water Polo Terms

Field of Playwater polo field diagram

The diagram illustrates standard measurements for a water polo field, however, many pools were not designed for water polo and play must be adapted. For example, some pools have a shallow end. With the exception of the goalie, players may not use the bottom of the pool to stand or push off during the game. Regardless of its size, each water polo pool is marked with several important lines:

Goal lines (white)-Lines that mark the boundary on either end of the pool.

2-meter (red)-Line that not be crossed by offensive players without possession of the ball, unless the ball is inside the line and they are behind the line of the ball. Corner throws are taken from the 2-meter line, and goal throws are taken between the goal line and the 2-meter line.

4-meter (yellow)-Line from which penalty shots are taken. Also, the goalie becomes a regular field player if he crosses the 4-meter line.

7-meter (green)-Line outside of which an offensive player may immediately shoot the ball in one continuous motion (no pumping or faking) following an ordinary foul.

Mid-pool (white)-Marks the spot where the referee drops the ball during the sprint. This is also where players line up after a goal. The goalie cannot cross mid-pool.


There are two teams of seven players each. Each team has one goalie and six field players. The goalies wear red caps, the home team’s field players wear dark-colored caps, and the visiting team’s field players wear white caps.


Hole-setHole-set: An offensive player who positions himself directly in front of the opponent’s goal to run the offense. Teammates pass the ball to the hole-set, who attempts to shoot it or pass it to an open teammate. Also called the center forward, hole, hole-man, or 2-meter man.

DriverDriver: Field players who constantly rotate around the perimeter of the offense to find scoring opportunities. A driver is not assigned to one position; rather, he rotates through the following three positions: point, positioned at the tip of the offense farthest from the opponents goal; flat, positioned about 7 meters from the goal line; and wings, positioned near the 2-meter line. Most driving occurs from the point and flat positions; the wings rotate up to the flat as teammates drive their direction.


GoalieGoalie: Defensive player who guards the goal by blocking the opponent’s shots. The goalie is the only player who can touch the ball with two hands at once. Also called goalkeeper.

Hole guardHole guard: A defensive player who guards the hole-set. The hole-guard’s main objective is to prevent the hole-set from scoring, often by purposely committing ordinary fouls. Also called center back.

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