Glossary (Page 5 of 5)
1- History &
2- The Essentials (Scoring,
3- Formats (Open, League,
4- Alley diagram
5- Glossary of Bowling Terms
Address: The position of the
bowler just before approaching the lane to bowl
Bagger: Term used for consecutive
strikes (i.e. “four-bagger,” “five-bagger,”
Brooklyn: A strike that crosses
to the wrong side of the headpin (left side for
Double: Term for two consecutive
Follow through: Motion at the
end of the bowl after the ball is released.
Frame: Unit measuring the number
of turns a bowler has in a game. There are 10
frames in a bowling game and bowlers get two throws,
or attempts, to knock over the pins during each
Gutter-ball: A ball that goes
into the gutter and scores 0 point.
Handicap: Recreational leagues
often add points to a bowler’s average score
to provide for fair competition between teams.
Head pin: The #1 pin that is
in the front position.
Lanes: The building that houses
the 25-100+ lanes. Sometimes called the alley.
Also refers to the actual bowling surface.
League: Many bowlers join leagues
that play regularly. Leagues usually have teams
of 4 people. Each week, one team faces a new opponent
and the team with the highest total score wins.
Some leagues use handicaps to level competition.
Match Play: Competition in which
a bowler faces his opponent head-to-head and the
higher scoring bowler advances to the next round
and the lower scoring bowler is eliminated. Rounds
continue until only one undefeated bowler remains.
Open frame: A turn in which the
bowler fails to get a strike or spare.
Perfect game: Maximum possible
score of 300 achieved by throwing 12 consecutive
Pocket: Hitting the front pin
dead center often results in a split. Therefore,
the best place for a right-handed player to hit
the pins is just to the right of the headpin,
known as the “pocket.”
Spare: Knocking down the remaining
pins on the second throw.
Split: A difficult shot left
on the second throw in which there is a gap between
the remaining pins. Splits are named for their
pin position (see diagram), with the 7-10 split
being the most difficult shot in the game.
Strike: Knocking over all 10
pins on the first throw.
Turkey: Three consecutive strikes.
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